On June 1, 1991, the 16th Mountain Battalion was established on the venue of the current Colonel Besik Kutateladze Sachkhere Mountain Training School. The school is founded by a national hero of Georgia, Besik Kutateladze. Sachkhere 16th Mountain Battalion has participated in the wars to maintain territorial integrity of Georgia. 21 militaries from Sachkhere Mountain Battalion died in the war.

Sachkhere Mountain Training and Re-training School was founded on the mentioned base on 17th February 2004, however, on 14th August 2006, it became Sachkhere Mountain Training School. The course training programs are elaborated in full compliance with the requirements of French Mountain Training Centers. International courses are conducted by professional Georgian instructors, who are regularly trained by French counterparts according to 3-year-program and have passed 6 levels in total.

In 2010 the North Atlantic Council accepted to declared the Sachkhere Mountain Training School a NATO/PfP Training and Education Centre. In accordance with the order of #738 of 29 May, 2014 by the Ministry of Defence of Georgia the school was awarded the name of Colonel Besik Kutateladze Sachkhere Mountain Training School, which is a structural unit under Training and Military Education Command of Georgian Defence Forces. 

The school has been running international courses for NATO member and partner countries' military personnel since 2010.

In 2011-2014, the school conducted Basic Mountain Training Winter/Summer and Intermediate Winter/Summer Mountain Training Courses.

Mountain Training Team Leader Summer Course was added to the course catalog in 2015.

In addition,  Sachkhere Mountain Training School has held courses for Units of Georgian Defence Forces such as Mountain Technical course, Mountain Rescue course, High Altitude Shooting course and Mountain Tactical course.  

In 2018, Mountain Tactical-technical Training course was added to the list of courses.

Currently, the school offers attendees a wide range of international courses shaped for NATO member and partner countries' military personnel within the Partnership for Peace program.